HIV infection in India was first detected in 1986 among female sex workers in Chennai. Today, with an estimated 5.134 million infections,2 India is home to the second largest population of people living with HIV and AIDS (PLHA).
Where was the first case of HIV found in India?
History. In 1986, the first known cases of HIV in India were diagnosed by Dr. Suniti Solomon and her student Dr. Sellappan Nirmala amongst six female sex workers in Chennai, Tamil Nadu.
Where was HIV found first?
It is widely believed that HIV originated in Kinshasa, in the Democratic Republic of Congo around 1920 when HIV crossed species from chimpanzees to humans. Up until the 1980s, we do not know how many people were infected with HIV or developed AIDS.
Which state in India has highest HIV?
State/UT-wise, Maharashtra was estimated to have the highest number of new HIV infections in 2019 (8.54 thousand), followed by Bihar (8.04 thousand), Uttar Pradesh (6.72 thousand), West Bengal (3.97 thousand), Gujarat (3.37 thousand) and Delhi (2.99 thousand).
When did Ebola end?
Following a period of 42 days since the second negative laboratory diagnostic test of the last confirmed patient, WHO declared an end to the outbreak on July 2, 2017.
Whats worse an epidemic or pandemic?
The main way pandemics differ from epidemics is through the breadth of their reach. They cover wider geographical areas, often the entire world, and affect far more people than an epidemic. Similarly, pandemics tend to cause many more deaths than epidemics.
When did Ebola start?
Ebola virus was first discovered in 1976 near the Ebola River in what is now the Democratic Republic of Congo. Since then, the virus has been infecting people from time to time, leading to outbreaks in several African countries.
How long did the Ebola pandemic last?
In Guinea, the first end of outbreak declaration was in December 2015, but additional cases were discovered in March and April of 2016. Guinea was finally declared Ebola-free in June 2016.  Two and a half years after the first case was discovered, the outbreak ended with more than 28,600 cases and 11,325 deaths.
What was the deadliest pandemic?
Heres how five of the worlds worst pandemics finally ended.Plague of Justinian—No One Left to Die. Black Death—The Invention of Quarantine. The Great Plague of London—Sealing Up the Sick. Smallpox—A European Disease Ravages the New World. Cholera—A Victory for Public Health Research.More items •17 Mar 2020
Who is most affected by Ebola?
Most people affected by the outbreak were in Guinea, Sierra Leone, and Liberia. There were also cases reported in Nigeria, Mali, Europe, and the U.S. 28,616 people were suspected or confirmed to be infected; 11,310 people died. Ebola is spread by contact with bodily fluids of infected animals or humans.